small scale gold mines in south africa

Child Laborers Work In Ghana's Illegal Gold . Researchers estimate that people under the age of 18 make up several thousand of the roughly 500,000 to 1 million people working at small-scale mines. Child laborers face major health and safety hazards: Heavy lifting causes pain and can lead to long-term spinal damage. Unregulated mines aren't inspected, and are thus at higher risk of . Report: Half of gold miners in Africa could be . Report: Half of gold miners in Africa could be ... five work for small-scale mining and ... shafts in South Africa's underground gold mines are ... Economies of Scale in Gold Mining - African . South Africa) account for 83% of Africa's total gold production over the 2005-2010 period (US Geological Survey 2011). The summary statistics of the key variables used in the analysis are presented below in Table 1. The median gold output per mine is about 143,217 ounces per year and is lower than the average of 245,511.    Read More

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